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Fouke Monster

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The Fouke Monster, also known as the Southern Sasquatch, is a legendary cryptid reported near the town of Fouke in Miller County, Arkansas (see map[1]) during the early 1970s, where it was accused of attacking a local family. Initial sightings of the creature were concentrated in the Jonesville/Boggy Creek area, where it was blamed for the death of local livestock. Later, sightings were made several hundred miles to the north and the east of Fouke.


The creature was named by journalist Jim Powell, who reported on it for the Texarkana Gazette and the Texarkana Daily News.[2]


The Fouke Monster was also covered by the state desk headed by Norman L. Richardson of the Shreveport Times. It has been the subject of several films and a number of books.


AppearanceEdit

Various reports of the creature made between 1971 and 1974 described the creature as being a large hominid-like creature covered in long dark hair, which was estimated to be about Template:Convert tall with a weight of Template:Convert. Witnesses said that its chest was about Template:Convert wide.[3] Later reports, published during the early 1980s, claimed that it was far larger, with one report describing it as Template:Convert tall, with an estimated weight of Template:Convert.[4]


Some accounts describe the Fouke Monster as running in a 'hunched/slouched' posture and swinging its arms in a similar fashion to a monkey.[4] Reports also describe it as having a terrible odor, the odor being described as a combination of a skunk and a wet dog, and as having bright red eyes, about the size of silver dollars.[5]


A variety of tracks and claw marks have been discovered which are claimed to belong to the creature. One set of foot prints reportedly measured Template:Convert in length and Template:Convert wide,[6] another appeared to show that the creature only had three toes.[2]


ChronologyEdit

Pre 1971Edit

Although most cases date from the early 1970s onwards, Fouke residents claim that an apelike creature had roamed the area since 1964,[7] but that sightings had not been reported to news services. Local legend also holds that the creature can be further traced back to sightings in 1946.[8] Most early sightings were in the region of Jonesville. Owing to this, the creature was known as the "Jonesville Monster" during this period.[9]


Post 1971Edit

Despite claims of earlier sightings, the Fouke Monster first made headlines in 1971, when it was reported to have attacked the home of Bobby and Elizabeth Ford late on the night of May 1.[5][10][11]


According to Elizabeth Ford, the creature, which she initially took to be a bear, reached through a screen window while she was sleeping on a couch. It was chased away by her husband and his brother Don, who were returning from a hunting trip. The creature returned shortly after midnight (Sunday, May 2), when it was reported to have grabbed Bobby Ford across the shoulders as he stood on the porch, throwing him to the ground. Bobby managed to crawl free and was later treated in St. Michael Hospital, Texarkana, for scratches across his back.[12] He was suffering from mild shock when he arrived.[13]


During the encounters, the Fords fired several shots at the creature and believed that they had hit it, though no traces of blood were found. An extensive search of the area failed to locate the creature but found three-toed footprints close to the house, scratch marks on the porch, and some damage to a window and the house's siding.[12]


According to the Fords, they had heard something moving around outside late at night several nights before their encounter but, having lived in the house for less than a week, had never encountered the creature before.[12]


The creature was spotted again on May 23, when three people, D. Woods, Wilma Woods, and Mrs. R Sedgass, reported seeing an ape-like creature crossing Highway 71.[14] More sightings were made over the following months by local residents and tourists, who found additional footprints.[15] The best known footprints were found in a soybean field belonging to local gas station owner Scott Keith. They were scrutinized by game warden Carl Galyon, who was unable to confirm their authenticity.[2] Like the Ford prints, they appeared to indicate that the creature had only three toes.[16] (inc Picture)


The creature began to attract substantial interest during the early 1970s. Soon after news spread about the Ford sighting, the Little Rock radio station KAAY posted a $1,090 bounty on the creature.[2] Several attempts were made to track the creature with dogs, but they were unable to follow its scent.[12] When hunters began to take interest in the Fouke Monster, Miller County Sheriff Leslie Greer was forced to put a temporary "no guns" policy in place in order to preserve public safety.[2] In 1971, three people were fined $59 each "for filing a fraudulent monster report."[2]


After an initial surge of attention, public interest in the creature decreased until 1973. It was boosted significantly when Charles B. Pierce released a documentary-style horror feature on the creature. By late 1974 interest had waned again and sightings all but stopped, only to begin again in March 1978, when tracks were reportedly found by two brothers prospecting in Russellville (Location:[17]), and there were sightings in Center Ridge (Location:[18]); both approximately 4-1/4 hours drive northeast of Fouke.[19] There was also a reported sighting in Crossett (Location:[20]); 4 hours drive east of Fouke, on June 26 that year.[21]


During this period the creature was blamed for missing livestock and attacks on several dogs.[19]


Since the initial clusters of sightings during the 1970s, there have been sporadic reports of the creature. In 1991 the creature was reportedly seen jumping from a bridge.[22] There were forty reported sightings in 1997 and, in 1998, the creature was reportedly sighted in a dry creek bed Template:Convert south of Fouke.[23]


Possible Hoax?Edit

Template:Original Research One month after the Ford sighting, Southern State College, now called Southern Arkansas University, archaeologist Dr. Frank Schambach determined that "There is a 99 percent chance one of the tracks is a hoax."[24]


According to Schambach, the tracks could not be from a species of ape, or ape man, as claimed by witnesses, because they were from a three-toed creature, whereas all primates and hominids have had five toes. In addition to the number of toes, Schambach cited several other anomalies as part of his conclusion: the region had no history of primate activity, ruling out the possibility of the creature being the remnants of an indigenous species; all primates are completely diurnal, the Fouke Monster appeared to be partially nocturnal.[24]


FilmsEdit

The Legend of Boggy Creek Edit

In 1973, the story of Bobby Ford's encounter with the Fouke Monster was turned into a semi-factual, documentary-style horror feature, The Legend of Boggy Creek,[8] (initially titled "Tracking the Fouke Monster") which played in drive-in theaters around the country. It was written by Earl E. Smith and directed by Charles B. Pierce. The part of Bobby Ford was played by Glenn Carruth and the part of Elizabeth Ford was played by Bunny Dees. Fouke Garage owner Willie E. Smith, on whose land three toed footprints were found, starred as himself. Many characters were named after the people who played them. Much of the film was shot on location in Fouke and nearby Texarkana, though some scenes also were filmed in Shreveport, Louisiana. Most of the cast were local people or Texarkana college students.[25] It ran for 87 minutes (90 on DVD) and is believed to have cost $165,000 to make. It grossed $22 million, making it the 7th highest grossing movie of the year.[26]


Return to Boggy Creek Edit

A second Fouke Monster film, Return to Boggy Creek, was filmed and released in 1977. The movie had an entirely fictional plot and was not intended to be a sequel. It was directed by Tom Moore, written by John David Woody, and starred Dawn Wells as the mother of three children who become lost in the swamp.[27] Some of the film's scenes were shot on location in Dallas, Texas, and Loreauville and Iberia Parish, Louisiana.[27]


Boggy Creek II: The Legend Continues Edit

In 1985, a third Fouke Monster film was released. It was titled Boggy Creek II:The Legend Continues and written as a sequel to the original film. Charles B. Pierce wrote, directed, and starred in it as Brian Lockart, a University of Arkansas professor who leads a group of students into the swamps around Fouke.[28] It was shot on location in Fouke[28] but included some scenes shot at the University of Arkansas.


In 1999, Boggy Creek II: The Legend Continues was used by Mystery Science Theater 3000. It aired on May 9, 1999 (Episode 6, Season 10).[29]


Boggy Creek Edit

In August 2009 Brian T. Jaynes announced that there is an upcoming remake on the cult classic The Legend of Boggy Creek titled Boggy Creek. Not much is said on the film only to say there will be ancient folklore involved. It is set for release summer 2010.http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1493798/news?year=2010


The Legacy of Boggy Creek Edit

In 2011, RHR Home Video released a direct follow-up to the original film The Legend of Boggy Creek that documented several reported sightings since the events in 1972. It is done in a documentary-style, with a very low budget, much like Charles B. Pierce's original. The film is only available online through the official RHR Home Video website.[30]


ReferencesEdit


SourcesEdit


See alsoEdit


Template:Cryptozoologyit:Mostro di Fouke sv:Fouke-monstret

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