Fairfield State Hospital was created due to overcrowding at the other two state hospitals. Walter P. Crabtree, Sr. designed the campus-like facility. Dedicated to a common development theme, the institutional buildings were of a modified colonial style, built of red brick and attractively accented. On June 10, 1931, the cornerstone was laid for the Fairfield State Hospital (renamed to Fairfield Hills Hospital in 1963 per P.A. 278. The campus was constructed largely fireproof throughout. Some later constructed buildings were built during the 1940s and 1950s.
The hospital contained 16 buildings on Template:Convert, plus another Template:Convert of land around them. The acreage consisted of large farm meadows and a forest. A circular network of roads connected the buildings.
The hospital opened and received its first patients on June 1, 1933  from Connecticut Valley Hospital. There were initially less than 500 patients, and only 3 doctors. By the late 1960s Fairfield Hills housed more than 4,000 patients, 20 doctors, 50 nurses, and 100 assorted other employees.
On December 8, 1995 the facility was closed and patients were transferred to the Connecticut Valley Hospital in Middletown, Connecticut. The records from Fairfield Hills Hospital are located in RG 021, subgroup 7 at the Connecticut State Library & Archives in restricted files arranged into three series:
- Patients, 1933-1995 admission and discharge records;
- Personnel, 1934-1943 records of separation; and
- Medical Staff Records, 1937-1974 records of birth and deportation, autopsies, and medical examiner cases.
Due to deinstitutionalization in the 1960s and 1970s, there was less of a need for hospitals like Fairfield Hills. With the high cost of running underused hospitals, state hospitals around the country shut their doors. In 1995, Gov. John Rowland closed Fairfield Hills and its sister hospital, Norwich State Hospital. All patients that remained were moved to Connecticut Valley Hospital in Middletown.
The Town of Newtown rented out the first floor of Canaan House from the mid-1990s up until 2005; it was home to the town's Board of Education, Planning & Zoning, and Fire Marshall. The Reed Intermediate School is also located on the property.
Therapy and treatmentEdit
During its operation, treatments at Fairfield Hills included hydrotherapy, use of the drugs metrazol and insulin in shock therapy, patient seclusion, electric shock therapy, treatment of alcoholism, and frontal lobotomy. In the first year that psychosurgery was performed at Fairfield Hills over 100 patients were treated.
All of the patient buildings were connected by a series of tunnels. These tunnels were mostly used to move large groups of patients between the buildings, especially during the winter months and on bad weather days. Doctors, workers also used the tunnels, and even corpses were also moved between hospital buildings by them. The tunnels were filled in by the town of Newtown in 2009. Template:Citation needed
The following are the main campus buildings of Fairfield Hills. They were named after Fairfield County cities and towns.
- Newtown Hall – administration building
- Bridgeport Hall – central food services
- Greenwich House – offices and medical hospital
- Shelton House – administration and patient care
- Plymouth Hall – chapel, theater, gymnasium and workshops
- Power Plant – electricity and steam heat for buildings
- Stratford Hall – library
- Yale Laboratory – laboratory and morgue
- Danbury Hall – employee housing
- Norwalk Hall – employee dormitory
- Stamford Hall – employee dormitory
- Watertown Hall – employee apartments
- Woodbury Hall – employee dormitory
- Washington Square – doctor residences
- plus several single family homes
Patient Treatment and HousingEdit
- Bridgewater House
- Canaan House
- Cochran House
- Fairfield House
- Kent House
- Litchfield House
The Town of Newtown acquired the former Fairfield Hills Hospital property from the State of Connecticut in 2004. The Town of Newtown established the Fairfield Hills Authority, a municipal development agency, to implement new construction on the site. This calls for reserving a major portion of the property for municipal and cultural use, as well as passive and active recreational use. Also, a new building has been built on the site called the Newtown Youth Academy. It was paid for by private funders and features an indoor turf field, basketball court, and full workout center.
The Town of Newtown selected Bridgeport Hall as the location for its new municipal offices. It was dedicated on November 21, 2009, and is now called the Newtown Municipal Center.
In popular cultureEdit
Several film and television productions have used the facility as a set. The film Man to Man was shot in Kent House in the late 1950s. Template:Citation needed The feature film Sleepers used the hospital as a setting. Actors on location included Robert De Niro, Brad Pitt and Kevin Bacon. Several scenes used local boys as extras. The film adaptation of The Madman's Tale was to be filmed between October 26, 2007 and January 8, 2008. Due to complications with the cast, production was stopped before anything was filmed on location. An episode of MTV's Fear was shot at the hospital, its identity concealed from the participants. A local newspaper characterized the site as an "attractive nuisance" and suggested that negative impressions about the site created by films and TV series were "misguided".